If you’re a fan of cannabis, then you’re likely aware of the other strains available today. From the uplifting effects of Sativa strains to the relaxing properties of Indica strains, each offers a unique experience. But did you know that the terpenes found in cannabis play a crucial role in the effects and flavors of each strain?
What are Terpenes and How Do They Affect CBD Flavor and Effects?
Terpenes are a broad class of organic compounds that are found in many plants, including the cannabis plant. They are produced in the same glands that make other compounds, like cannabinoids.
Terpenes play a massive role in how cannabis smells, tastes, and feels. While cannabinoids are the primary compounds that affect the body, terpenes modulate the effects and give each strain its unique character. Terpenes also contribute to the “entourage effect” that develops when terpenes and cannabinoids work together.
The Different Types of Terpenes Found in Cannabis
When it comes to cannabis, there are over 100 different terpenes present, each with unique properties. Some of the most common terpenes found in cannabis include myrcene, limonene, pinene, caryophyllene, and terpinolene. These terpenes can produce relaxation, energy, focus, and euphoria.
One of the most common terpenes found in cannabis is myrcene. This terpene has a musky aroma and is often associated with Indica strains. It’s known for its sedative effects, which can help to calm the mind and body, making it a popular choice for those looking to relax or improve their sleep.
Another terpene commonly found in cannabis is limonene. As the name suggests, this terpene has a citrusy aroma and is often present in Sativa strains. Limonene is known for its energizing effects and can help to boost mood and reduce stress and anxiety.
Pinene is another terpene found in cannabis, and it’s often associated with the scent of pine needles. It’s usually found in Sativa and Indica strains, making it a versatile terpene. This terpene has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help to improve airflow in the lungs.
The medicinal properties of terpenes have made them a popular target for medical cannabis research. Scientists are studying the effects of different terpenes on various conditions, and the results are promising.
How Terpenes Affect Flavors in Cannabis Strains?
When it comes to the effects of terpenes on cannabis strains, it’s essential to understand the entourage effect. It refers to how all the compounds in cannabis work together to produce a specific effect. For example, terpene myrcene can enhance its sedative properties when combined with THC. This makes it an excellent choice for those looking to relax.
The entourage effect also applies to the flavor profile of cannabis strains. Terpenes contribute to each strain’s aroma and play a crucial role in the taste. For example, with its citrusy aroma, the terpene limonene can give a Sativa strain a bright, uplifting taste.
Here are some popular weed strains and their dominant terpenes:
- Sour Diesel – Dominant terpenes include myrcene, limonene, and beta-caryophyllene
- OG Kush – Dominant terpenes include limonene, myrcene, and beta-caryophyllene
- Blue Dream – Dominant terpenes include myrcene, pinene, and beta-caryophyllene
- Jack Herer – Dominant terpenes include pinene, terpinolene, and myrcene
- Girl Scout Cookies – Dominant terpenes include limonene, caryophyllene, and linalool
How to Consume Terpenes?
Terpenes can be consumed in various ways, depending on the preferred delivery method and the type of terpene. Here are some of the most popular ways of consuming terpenes:
One of the most common ways to consume terpenes is inhaling them. Terpenes can be found in essential oils, used in aromatherapy diffusers, or added to hot water for steam inhalation. Terpenes can also be found in cannabis strains and consumed by vaping or smoking.
Terpenes can be added to various edible products like gummies and baked goods to give them a distinct flavor and aroma. Some terpenes are edible and are commonly found in spices and herbs like lavender and rosemary.
Terpenes can be used topically in creams, lotions, salves, and balms. They are often added to skincare products for their anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.
Terpenes can be consumed orally as tinctures or concentrates. When taken sublingually, the terpenes are absorbed into the bloodstream through the tissues under the tongue.
It’s worth noting that the administration method and the recommended dosage of terpenes can vary depending on a person’s wellness goals and the specific terpene in question. Therefore, consulting with a healthcare professional before using terpenes for therapeutic or general wellness is essential.
How to Preserve Terpenes in Cannabis?
Terpenes are volatile organic compounds that can be lost during the harvesting, curing, and storage of cannabis. Proper storage is crucial to preserve the terpene profile of a cannabis strain and maintain its flavor and aroma. Here are some tips on how to preserve terpenes in cannabis:
- Store cannabis in an airtight container such as a glass jar or a vacuum-sealed bag to minimize exposure to air and moisture.
- Keep cannabis in a cool, dark place such as a closet or a drawer away from direct sunlight and heat sources.
- Avoid storing cannabis in the refrigerator or freezer as this can cause condensation, which can degrade the quality and flavor of the cannabis.
- Use humidity packs or control humidity levels to prevent the cannabis from becoming too dry or too moist, which can affect the flavor and potency of the strain.
By following these tips, cannabis enthusiasts can ensure that their buds retain their unique flavors and aromas for a longer period.
Terpenes are essential for the flavors and effects of various cannabis strains. For example, myrcene has sedative properties, while limonene has energizing effects. Each terpene provides distinct benefits to users. Understanding the entourage effect and the significance of high-quality cultivation can help cannabis enthusiasts reap the full benefits of these organic compounds. Therefore, when selecting a cannabis strain, it’s essential to consider the terpenes present and how they might enhance your overall experience.